आइतवार, मंसिर १७, २०८०

Keep Festive Holiday Meats Safe

kedar-karki-Dr.The refrigerator may be the most important because it slows down the growth of bacteria that cause food poisoning. At temperatures between 40 and 140 °F, bacteria grows most rapidly. That’s why we call this temperature range “the Danger Zone.”Refrigerator set to 40  °F or below will protect most foods – but not forever. The cool temperatures slow down bacterial growth but they don’t stop the growth completely. So, it’s important to use food in a timely fashion to help maintain freshness and quality. Over time, even chilled foods will spoil.

Here are some basic guidelines for storing meat in the refrigerator.

Raw ground meats, all poultry, seafood, and variety meats: Refrigerate 1 to 2 days.

Raw roasts, steaks, and chops (beef, veal, lamb, and pork):  Refrigerate 3 to 5 days.

Cooked meat, poultry, and seafood: Store in the refrigerator 3 to 4 days.

At the store : To prevent cross-contamination, separate raw meat, poultry and seafood from other foods in the grocery cart. Ask for these foods to be placed in separate bags at the checkout counter.Buy cold foods at the end of your shopping trip so they won’t get too hot on the way home.

While preparing food : Use separate cutting boards to cut raw meat and to cut vegetables, bread and other ready-to-eat items.To prevent cross-contamination, prepare uncooked recipes before cooking raw meat. Once these food items are prepared, separate them from meat dishes.Use a meat thermometer — not just an oven thermometer — to make sure dishes are property cooked to the appropriate internal temperature.Cook fresh beef, pork, veal and lamb to 145 degrees Fahrenheit. Other appropriate temperatures are 145 F for fish, 160 F for egg dishes, ground beef, veal and lamb, and 165 F for poultry.

When cooking for groups : Use chafing dishes and slow cookers to keep hot food hot (above 140 F) and use ice trays to keep cold food cold (below 40 F).Put perishable food in the trash after two hours.

While cooking a roast : Use separate cutting boards, plates and utensils for roast to avoid cross-contamination.

Sanitize items that have touched raw meat, like cutting boards, by washing them with warm soap and water, or placing them in the dishwasher. Make sure the roast has reached 145 F by using a meat thermometer. Let all cuts of buff — plus pork, veal and lamb — rest for three minutes before cutting or eating.

Safe handling and preparation of ground meat and ground poultry.

COOL IT! : Ground Meat and ground poultry are more perishable than most foods. In the danger zone between 40 deg and 140 deg F, bacteria can multiply rapidly. Since you can’t see, smell or taste bacteria, keep the products cold to keep them safe.

Safe Handling : Choose ground meat packages that are cold and tightly wrapped. The meat surface exposed to air will be red; interior of fresh meat will be dark.Put refrigerated and frozen foods in you grocery cart last and make the grocery store your last stop before home.Pack perishables in an ice chest if it will take you more than an hour to get home.Place ground meat and ground poultry in the refrigerator or freezer immediately.Defrost frozen ground meats in the refrigerator – never at room temperature. If microwave defrosting, cook immediately.

Safe Storage : Set your refrigerator at 40 deg F or colder and your freezer at 0 deg F or colder.Keep uncooked ground meat and ground poultry in the refrigerator, cook or freeze within 1 to 2 days.Use or freeze cooked meat and poultry stored in the refrigerator within 3 to 4 days.For best quality, store frozen raw ground meats no longer than 3 to 4 months; cooked meats, 2 to 3 months.

CLEAN IT! : Keep everything clean–hands, utensils, counters, cutting boards and sinks. That way, your food will stay as safe as possible.Always wash hands thoroughly in hot soapy water before preparing foods and after handling raw meat.Don’t let raw meat or poultry juices touch ready-to-eat foods either in the refrigerator or during preparation.Don’t put cooked foods on the same plate that held raw or poultry.Wash utensils that have touched raw meat with hot, soapy water before using them for cooked meats.Wash counters, cutting boards and other surfaces raw meats have touched. And don’t forget to keep the inside of your refrigerator clean.

COOK IT! : Cooking kills harmful bacteria. Be sure ground meat and ground poultry are cooked thoroughly.

Cook it safely : The center of patties and meat loaf should not be pink and the juices should run clear.Crumbled ground meats should be cooked until no pink color remains.Ground meat patties and loaves are safe when they reach 160xF in the center; ground poultry patties and loaves, 165xF.

Cook it evenly : During broiling, grilling, or cooking on the stove, turn meats over at least once.When baking, set oven no lower than 325 deg F.If microwaving, cover meats. Midway through cooking, turn patties over and rotate the dish, rotate a meat loaf; and stir ground meats once or twice. Let microwaved meats stand to complete cooking process.After cooking, refrigerate leftovers immediately. Separate into small portions for fast cooling.To reheat all leftovers, cover and heat to 165 deg F or until hot and steaming throughout.

Cold storage times for Ground Meat and Ground Poultry : Refrigerator (40 F or below) Product Days Uncooked ground meat and ground poultry (bulk or patties) 1 to 2 days Cooked ground meat and ground poultry (hamburgers, meat loaf and dishes containing ground meats) 3 to 4 days Freezer (0 F or below) Product Months Uncooked ground meat and ground poultry (bulk or patties) 3 to 4 months Cooked ground meat and ground poultry (hamburgers, meat loaf and dishes containing ground meats) 2 to 3 months Internal Temperatures for safe cooking Product Temperature Uncooked ground meat 160 F Uncooked ground poultry 165 F All cooked leftovers, reheated 165 F. Bacteria are part of our environment. Where there is food there may be bacteria. Proper food handling and cooking is the best way to prevent foodborne illness. Generally most at risk for developing food borne illness are children, the elderly and those who have chronic illnesses or compromised immune systems. -By Dr .Kedar Karki

प्रकाशित मिति: शनिबार, मंसिर ५, २०७२